Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants
An International Grassroots Effort by People in Prison, their Families, and Concerned Others to Reduce Crime Through Criminal Justice Reform. 202-789-2126
www.curenational..org firstname.lastname@example.org www.cureinternational.org
In Loving Memory
[four photos] Photos by Alan Pogue
Dear CURE Friends,
It has been a sad time for us. Recently, four early supporters of CURE died. They helped CURE get started in the seventies in Texas before we became a national and an international organization.
Shown left is retired Bishop John McCarthy of Austin after he participated in a CURE meeting not long ago. He was always available to give us practical advice beginning in 1975 when he was Father McCarthy directing the Texas Catholic Conference. Incredibly, he gave us practical support too by providing us a key to his office. For years, on many weekends, when staff was not there, we "ran off" copies about prison reform information on its photocopy machine.
Also, this information about the need for prison reform was distributed especially to the Texas Legislature. Two of the few members who reacting positively were Sen. A.R. "Babe" Schwartz and Rep. Joe I., Hernandez. From 1973 to the mid-eighties, CURE worked with both legislators to pass historic reforms such as the ex-felon vote that Babe persistently advocated for and the end of using inmates as guards that Joe got accomplished. Shown left to right are Sen. Schwartz Keynoting the Texas CURE 1976 Convention and Rep. Hernandez speaking at the '77 Convention.
Finally, we also used the Texas Catholic Conference's statewide long distance phone line to organize local CURE chapters. One of the most effective was in Waco and it was started by Yvonne and Ed Pugh. Ed died in 1995 and Yvonne died recently at 91. Yvonne was a tireless advocate against the death penalty. Throughout her life, even in her later years, she corresponded with people on death row especially those in Texas. She is pictured at the 1986 Texas CURE convention.
Back then, prisoners in Texas may have been "putting their lives" on the line by even writing CURE. Some would end their letters with "The struggle is its own reward"! The memory of these four friends are part of our reward for this struggle.
Of course, besides the struggle of working for prison reform, there is always the ongoing struggle for funding for this work. It is only because of your generous support that CURE has survived and has continued to grow for almost fifty years. See our Directory of Chapters on page five. As you can see, we have some new leaders for chapters in the U.S. And there are new chapters in Africa. Also, there is now a Canada-CURE. Much of this new development came as a result of the conference in Rwanda in May. We are hopeful that chapters will begin especially in Asia as a result of our scheduled get-together in Japan in April, 2020.
Your annual donations are used for office expenses such as computer service, postage and phone service, and the printing and mailing of this newsletter. Funds are also used for meetings of our board of directors and to finance our international conferences. Next spring, our board plans to meet in Montgomery, Alabama. So, if you can help CURE, know we will be most grateful.
Pauline & Charlie Sullivan, Co-founders of CURE
PS. We want to share with you that Pauline is now 80 and Charlie is 78. But, as we all know, life is unpredictable. Ten years ago, a generous member left CURE money in her will. You might also consider remembering CURE in your will. This is just a thought!
I DO WANT TO HELP CURE CONTINUE ITS WORK IN 2019.
Here is my tax-deductible contribution. CURE PO Box 2310 Washington, DC 20013
$5____ $10_____ $25_____ $50_____ $100_____ $500_____ $1,000____ Other $____
City: State: Zip:
If you include your email address we will add you to the email list for CURE and you will receive information about current prison reform issues. Don't worry, we will try not to send you too much info. Folks outside the U.S. just email us your name, and your country.
SHOULD CURE ADVOCATE FOR THE SMARTPHONE TO REPLACE THE ANKLE BRACELET?
Ankle Bracelet vs. Smart Phone
CURE was honoured to be invited to participate in a coalition that seeks reforms of the ankle bracelet used in probation, parole and pre-trial release.
Mainly, because of the "horror stories" presented by those who have worn ankle bracelets, this coalition has drafted far-reaching guidelines.
They include that the ankle bracelet must have freedom of movement, it cannot be an addition to use of a less restrictive form of supervision, and not be disproportionately applied to poor people. Also, it must be governed by transparent rules, have no fee for purchase or for use, provide a time credit for time off on the user's sentence and there be no generic "one size fits all" set of conditions and restrictions.
However some CURE leaders have asked, "why couldn't these necessary guidelines also be applied to the smartphone which would replace the ankle bracelet?"
In fact, in regard to "one size fits all", one of the great benefits on the smartphone is the flexibility allowed during its use. The ankle bracelet has zero flexibility during its use.
In the same way, a smartphone can be a source of empowerment for the person using it. The options are potentially limitless because it would furnish access to information about programs which offer assistance. Of course, the ankle bracelet offers zero empowerment.
Certainly, technical questions have been raised, such as how persons convicted of sex offenses would be restricted from having access to the internet through the smartphone.
Also, the use of a smartphone may not be possible in rural areas with no access to needed technology. But, experts maintain these obstacles can be overcome.
Also, the tracking and location restrictions through a smartphone are relatively simple and not difficult to use.
But, others maintain that the purpose of the smartphone is not to improve monitoring and compliance of people with release conditions. Rather, the point is to be accurate in identifying needs of their clients.
These "change-agents" then would help their clients access services and provide needed interventions. Using this new vocabulary of "clients" and "change-agents" parole and probation officers would not be feared as the enemy as unfortunately they are now.
In the same way, the role of the officers would undergo a fundamental change. It would define their primary job as helping to keep their caseload out of prison.
If a "PO" has the motivation and this seems to be a big question from those being supervised with this new dynamic-recidivism would then be reduced. Also, many believe that the smartphone carries much less social stigma, no physical discomfort, and offers links to resources such as the need for health information, housing, employment and on-line counseling.
But, in the wrong hands, the smartphone could impose exclusion zones more easily, be linked to surveillance audio and video, and can be used to compel a person to check in multiple times daily.
And yet, "checking in multiple times" through a smartphone is needed for some but not all.
However, the greatest fear may be as one CURE leader wrote "I don't support this potentially dangerous 'upgrade'. If they use the smartphone, they can then compile your private information and save it."
But, those supporting the use of this new technology could reply that perhaps, a proper privacy impact study should be done to assess the benefits/drawbacks.
The use of the ankle started in the eighties. Though it was seen as burdensome it did result in the release of many who would normally be or stay locked up. So, are we not moving into a new era where the use of a smartphone could replace the ankle bracelet?
On the other hand, although we would never advise anyone that they shouldn't accept a smartphone monitoring system and should remain incarcerated, the question for advocates, in the policy world, is do we advocate for the smartphone to replace the ankle bracelet?
Please send your position about this important question in the box below. Also explain your reasoning and email it to email@example.com or mail it to: CURE PO Box 2310 Washington, DC 20013.
Results will be in the next newsletter along with excerpts from the three choices.
Should CURE advocate for the smartphone to replace the ankle bracelet? Please check one.
YES______ NO______ MAYBE_______
C.J. REFORMS IN CONGRESS
See www.curenational.org for updates by clicking on twitter link at the top.
(1) As we go to press, Congress may pass a compromise criminal justice reform bill for federal prisoners called the First Step Act. CURE wanted more but it does give judges additional discretion by reducing some mandatory minimum sentences and applies the disparity between crack and powder cocaine sentences retroactively. It would also update the good time credit in the federal system, allowing people to earn up to 54 days of credit per year rather than 47 days. Finally, it would expand much more rehabilitative programming in the federal system and has a funding increase for these programs.
(2)In the spending bill about to pass, $15.5 million was given to PREA (Prison Rape Elimination Act)-a 50% increase. 19 states comply with PREA. They are AZ, CT, DE, IL, IA, KY, MO, MT, NH, NJ, ND, OK, OR, PA, SD, TN, VT, VA and WY.
Also in this bill, Sen. Brian Schatz (D-HI) placed report language supporting the Second Chance Pell Pilot. This provides Pell grants to a select number of colleges for incarcerated students. It encourages the U.S. Department of Education to use a third-party evaluator and recommends a federal student aid staffer specialize in working with incarcerated students.
(3) Finally, as part of the huge bipartisan opioid bill (HR 6) signed by the President in October, the Department of Health and Human Services will oversee a grant program to expand the use of Comprehensive Recovery Centers (CRC). These Centers will include job training, mental health services, housing assistance and treatment for addictions.
However, funding for the Centers will come later as part of the annual congressional appropriations process. CURE will be advocating in Congress to get full funding for the CRCs.
Shown is a young lady who overdosed on opioids. Ideally she would initially be taken to a hospital and eventually to a Comprehensive Recovery Center as described above.
Photo by Alan Pogue
KY PRISON UPDATE
CURE continues to work to rescind (take back) the half-billion dollars that Congress gave to build another high-security federal prison in very remote eastern KY. The large reduction of the prison population shows that going forward is a huge waste of taxpayer funds. Also, the building site is on top of a former coal mine that poses a health risk.
The Abolitionist Law Center filed a lawsuit in November against the Bureau of Prisons in federal court on behalf of 21 incarcerated individuals in federal prisons. At a time when there are so very many unmet needs in the federal system due to lack of resources, CURE will keep advocating for allocation of funds based on needs not building prisons for local employment.
REFORMS IN THE STATES
Alabama - the governor banned sheriffs from keeping jail food funds. They were keeping "excess" money from a food service allowance for prisoners' meals.
Arkansas - 68% voted for the minimum wage to be $9.25 next year, $10 in 2020 and $11 in 2021. Given the state's low cost of living, this is the highest effective wage in the country. If unjustly rejected for a job because of a criminal record, call EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) 1-800-669-4000.
California - Governor Jerry Brown has pardoned over 1000 prisoners since 2011.
Colorado - Amendment A passed with nearly 65 percent of the vote which removes a line that allows for slavery and involuntary servitude as a "punishment for crime" from the state constitution. Now, Colorado will be unable to force people convicted of a crime into labor or work for no pay. Colorado joins about half the states who do not have this language. But, Colorado's vote might only be a symbolic statement since the U.S. Constitution's 13th Amendment okays slavery and involuntary servitude.
But, Colorado has made a strong case for a constitutional amendment that would remove this exception clause in the 13th Amendment. And, CURE will work in Congress to remove this exception clause.
DAs & judges - Counties where Boston, Dallas and San Antonio are home elected district attorneys pledging reforms. They joined the movement led by counties where Philadelphia and Corpus Christi are home. Also, reform judges were voted in. The greatest example happened in conservative Texas where all 59 judges in Harris County (Houston) were voted out.
Florida - Amendment 4 passed with 64% of the vote and restores voting rights to felons when they have served their sentences with the exception of those who have been convicted of murder or a felony sex offense. It makes 1.4 million ex-felons eligible to vote. Also, Amendment 11 was approved with 62% of the vote allowing sentencing reforms to be retroactive.
Louisiana - Amendment 2 passed with over 64% of the vote and requires a unanimous jury verdict in all non-capital felony cases. This is for offenses that were
Now, Oregon is the only state requiring non-unanimous jury verdicts.
Michigan, Missouri, Utah - MI legalized recreational marijuana while MO and UT legalized medical marijuana.
Nebraska, Idaho & Utah - passed ballot initiatives expanding participation in the Affordable Care Act. Also, with some governors elected who strongly support the ACA, this could bring about Obamacare in at least 36 states and DC. This expansion of Medicaid, a key provision of the health care reform law, is the monumental means for delivering health insurance to former prisoners.
New York City & Texas - NYC made calls from jails free and TX charges 6 cents a minute for jails and prisons.
Washington State - the state supreme court abolished the death penalty. Governor Jay Inslee said it is "a hugely important moment in our pursuit for equal and fair application of justice."
Recently, the respected conservative columnist George Will wrote that we should do away with the death penalty.
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