Bruce Bryant 96-A-5569
Sullivan Correctional Facility
P.O. Box 116
June 18, 2012
Between The Bars
P.O. Box 425103
Cambridge, MA 02142
RE: Allied Media Conference June 27 - 29
My name is Bruce Bryant, I am a member of an approved policy group at Sullivan Correctional Facility that Researches, Analyzes and Proposes Policy on Parole Issues. I have enclosed some very important white papers that we would like to have posted and be a part of the Allied Media Conference on June 27 - 29.
It is my hopes to hear more from you regarding the conference and the issues presented and discussed.
Bruce Bryant [signature]
Member of "Second Look Think Tank."
Sullivan Correctional Facility
A M C 2012
RECOMMENDATION TO EXPAND THE TEMPORARY RELEASE PROGRAM
Submitted by Second Look Think Tank
An Approved Policy Group at Sullivan Correctional Facility that Researches, Analyzes and Proposes Policy on Parole Issues
On February 17, 2012, Governor Andrew M. Cuomo announced his Work for Success program, a jobs initiative for formerly incarcerated New Yorkers. "Tens of thousands of people leave New York State prisons each year and without employment most are at a higher risk of returning to incarceration," Governor Cuomo said.
The Governor's initiative recognizes that gainful employment has been proven to reduce recidivism. Thus, any initiative that seeks to help formerly incarcerated people secure employment is welcomed and must be commended. We must, however, ask two very important questions:
1. Why wait until they are released?
2. Why not use the Temporary Release Program - specifically Work Release - in conjunction with the Work for Success initiative? Work Release, by all statistical data, has proven to be one of the most successful re-entry and reintegration programs in the Department of Corrections and Community Supervision's (DOCCS) public safety arsenal.
The Temporary Release Program was developed in 1969 as a pilot program to "...provide for a structural transition from prison to the community by allowing people in prison, nearing their eligibility for release on parole, to leave DOCCS' facilities for...rehabilitation-related activities, such as work, education, volunteer, and religious activities."
Eligibility for participation in the Temporary Release Program is outlined in Correction Law [symbol]851(2), and Title 7 NYCRR, Chapter XII [symbol]1900, which, prior to 1994, allowed a wide range of offenders to participate in the program.
The most utilized temporary release program is Work Release. It accounts for nearly 90 percent of those participating in the Temporary Release Program. At its peak in 1994, 27,937 individuals participated in the Temporary Release Program.
Over the years, a number of amendments to Correction Law [symbol]851 sought to limit eligibility for the program. For example, individuals convicted of escaping or attempting to escape, or of absconding while under supervision, were ineligible to participate in the program.
In 1994, Governor Mario Cuomo signed into law, under Chapter 60 [symbol]42(2) of the laws of 1994, an amendment to [symbol]851 of the Correction Law specifying that two categories of violent felony offenders - homicide and any sexual offenders - were no longer eligible to participate in the Temporary Release Program.
On January 24, 1995, by Executive Order 5, and later 5.1, Governor George Pataki, using the authority granted to him under Correction Law [symbol]851(2), expanded this law by barring all violent felony offenders from participating in the program.
This initiative was undertaken without exploring whether limiting participation in the program was an evidence-based response to the rise in crime. Instead, it was initiated as part of a broader political agenda geared towards so-called "getting tough on crime," and, more importantly, to comport with the emerging Violent Offender Incarceration/Truth-in-Sentencing Incentive Grant Program. ^1
In March of 2007, Governor Eliot Spitzer issued Executive Order No. 9, extending Executive Order No. 5.1, excluding all violent felony offenders. After Governor Spitzer's resignation, Governor David Paterson issued an Executive Order for a continuation of other Executive Orders, including Executive Order No. 9.
BEST PRACTICE APPROACH
To realize the twin goals of public safety and re-entry and reintegration, people convicted of violent felonies - many of whom have served long periods of incarceration - must never be dumped back into the community. Instead, after meeting clearly defined criteria, they should be eased back into society through a supervised step-down approach that is grounded in fiscal responsibility, and that promotes public safety.
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